Mar 31, 2011

Many have not Know Danger Discard Used Batteries

What do you do with old batteries? Almost all would say, throw it in the trash. Used batteries is a very dangerous waste which actually should not be carelessly discarded.

All types of batteries used as a remote batteries, toys, watches, cell phones, digital cameras and batteries that can be charged (rechargeable), including the B3 waste (hazardous and toxic).

When discarded carelessly or not recycled, then the content of heavy metals and other hazardous substances in batteries can contaminate water and soil, which in turn harm the human body.

Environmental expert Dr R Budi Haryanto claimed fair if people are many who do not know how to dispose of used batteries safely. Because it is so far has not had any socialization of how to treat the types of waste.

According to him, very hard to sensitize the public how to dispose of hazardous waste if the government did not give examples.

"Almost all people are not aware because they do not know the dangers, so dispose of used batteries in just like that," says Dr R Budi Haryanto as Chairman of the Department of Environmental Health detikHealth FKM UI when contacted on Thursday (17/03/2011).

Dr. Budi said one of the key is to socialize about this issue to the people that used batteries are dangerous, so the handling is more comprehensive. If not socialized then the public will not know and do not manage the waste properly.

Why the old battery should not be carelessly discarded?

Batteries contain a variety of heavy metals such as mercury, manganese, lead, nickel, lithium and cadmium.

If the battery is removed carelessly, the heavy metals contained in them would pollute groundwater and endanger health of inhabitants.

Dr. Budi reveal if the heavy metal contaminated water is used by society can cause chronic disease which will cause interference in the central nervous system, kidneys, reproductive system and even cancer.

"The effect that arises is the longer term. And usually the new society would be more concerned if the effect is appear that in the near term," said a lecturer who was born in Malang FKM 51 years ago.

How to manage waste batteries used?

This used battery waste should be managed specifically and separately from other garbage.

Technology that there is a B3 waste dumped in the soil will already contain other chemicals to be neutralized and destroyed so as not to pollute the environment.

"To overcome this B3 everyone should be aware in advance, either from the public, waste management and also the government because of this complex problem. Usually the only people who really knew who did this," he said.

What are the dangers of used batteries?

Waste batteries not only causes pollution but also endanger the natural resources they contain heavy metals and corrosive electrolyte battery power source, such as lead, mercury, nickel, cadmium, lithium, silver, zinc and manganese

In the action of microorganisms, inorganic mercury can be transformed into methylmercury, which collects in the body and then fish for human consumption. Methylmercury may enter brain cells and have serious consequences such as damage to the nervous system that can make people become crazy, or even cause death.

While cadmium batteries can contaminate soil and water, which eventually enter the human body causing liver and kidney damage, also can lead to soft bones or severe bone defects.

In addition, cadmium can cause chronic poisoning and a factor causing emphysema (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease involving damage to air sacs in the lungs), osteomalacia (softening of bones), anemia (lack of blood), also making paralysis in the human body.

Excretion of lead is also the most difficult in the human body and can impair kidney function and reproductive functions.

If the battery waste is mixed with other solid waste, from time to time malicious content in it can contaminate water and soil, which then threatened the life of fish, plants, environmental destruction and indirectly threaten human health.

Why waste hard to familiarize citizens with the right battery?

According to Dr. Budi hard familiarize people safely dispose of waste batteries because it requires great effort. There should be a special facility which houses and people who do it.

For example, if collected by RT, then who will send to its B3 waste processing center. The condition is related to how far away and how much it cost.

Yet Dr. Budi said there are several things you can do the community to reduce the adverse effects of waste pollution of used batteries, namely:

Communities must be socialized in advance about the dangers of B3 waste for the health
Begin to separate the hazardous wastes such as used batteries at home put them in separate plastic and other garbage
Collect all hazardous waste materials in certain places, such as in every one RW there is one special place to accommodate temporary hazardous waste
When the manager came to pick up trash they should also already have the awareness to not mix hazardous waste with other waste
After that B3 will be sent to the manager of B3 already meet the standards.

Therefore, the socialization of the danger of B3 is very important to sensitize the public to dispose of waste should not be carelessly used batteries so it does not pollute the environment which could have a negative impact on health.

Place dispose of waste batteries?

In some developed countries do battery recycling very seriously. Many countries in Western Europe, not only in stores but also directly on the road, equipped with a special battery recycling box and use the material recycle 95 percent, especially in high-value metal recovery.

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